Puniceicoccus vermicola gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel marine bacterium, and description of Puniceicoccaceae fam. nov., Puniceicoccales ord. nov., Opitutaceae fam. nov., Opitutales ord. nov. and Opitutae classis nov. in the phylum ‘Verrucomicrobia’

Choo et al. (2007). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 57 (3)
Names (3)
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics General Medicine Microbiology
A Gram-negative, chemoheterotrophic, facultatively anaerobic coccus, designated IMCC1545T, was isolated from the digestive tract of a marine clamworm, Periserrula leucophryna, inhabiting a tidal flat of the Yellow Sea. Cells of strain IMCC1545T are non-motile, dividing by binary fission. The predominant fatty acids are anteiso-C15 : 0 and C18 : 0. The respiratory quinone is menaquinone-7 and the DNA G+C content is 52.1 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences using three treeing algorithms revealed that the strain formed a novel genus-level lineage within the phylum ‘Verrucomicrobia’. The most closely related named organisms to strain IMCC1545T are ‘Fucophilus fucoidanolyticus’ SI-1234 (86.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Alterococcus agarolyticus ADT3T (81.8 %) and Opitutus terrae PB90-1T (80.3 %), which belong to subdivision 4 of the ‘Verrucomicrobia’. Subdivision 4 of the ‘Verrucomicrobia’ (here named Opitutae classis nov.) was divided into two clades, a clade containing strain IMCC1545T and a clade containing Opitutus terrae. From the taxonomic data obtained in this study, it is proposed that the new marine isolate be placed into a novel genus and species named Puniceicoccus vermicola gen. nov., sp. nov. (the type strain of Puniceicoccus vermicola is IMCC1545T=KCCM 42343T=NBRC 101964T) within Puniceicoccaceae fam. nov and Puniceicoccales ord. nov in the class Opitutae. The family Opitutaceae fam. nov. and order Opitutales ord. nov. are also formally proposed.
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