Wang, Shouhua


Hemp Abnormal Growth Is Attributed to Mono-, Di-, or Tri-Infections of Spiroplasma citri, ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma trifolii’, and Beet Curly Top Virus

Schoener, Wang (2023). PhytoFrontiers™ 3 (4)
Ca. Phytoplasma trifolii
As hemp ( Cannabis sativa) emerges as a commercial crop in Nevada, mild to severe abnormal growth has been observed from many plants in commercial fields throughout the growing season. Affected plants exhibited a group of symptoms typically including stunting, leaf yellowing, excessive apical branching, clusters of witches’ broom, leaf rolling upwards, and leaf mottling and mosaic. These symptoms mostly showed up together in a plant or a crop and are defined here as abnormal growth syndrome (AG