Pigment Analysis of “ Candidatus Chlorothrix halophila,” a Green Filamentous Anoxygenic Phototrophic Bacterium

Olson et al. (2007). Journal of Bacteriology 189 (11)
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Microbiology Molecular Biology
ABSTRACT The pigment composition of “ Candidatus Chlorothrix halophila,” a filamentous anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium found in Baja California Sur, Mexico, was determined. Previous work showed that bacteriochlorophyll c (BChl c ) was the major pigment in “ Ca . Chlorothrix halophila,” but it was not clear if this bacterium also contains BChl a (J. A. Klappenbach and B. K. Pierson, Arch. Microbiol. 181: 17-25, 2004). Here we show that in addition to BChl c , a small amount of a pigment that is spectrally indistinguishable from BChl a is present in cell extracts of “ Ca . Chlorothrix halophila.” Nevertheless, the BChl a -like pigment from “ Ca . Chlorothrix halophila” has a different molecular weight and a different high-performance liquid chromatography elution time than BChl a from other photosynthetic bacteria. Based on mass spectrometry and other spectroscopic analysis, we determined that the BChl a -like pigment in “ Ca . Chlorothrix halophila” contains a tetrahydrogeranylgeraniol tail rather than the phytol tail that is present in BChl a . The carotenoids and major BChl c homologs in “ Ca . Chlorothrix halophila” were also identified. BChls c were found to be farnesol esterified and geranylgeraniol esterified.
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