Multi-omics Comparison Reveals Landscape of Citrus limon and Citrus sinensis Response to ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’

Chin et al. (2021). PhytoFrontiers™ 1 (2)
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General Medicine
Comparison of the metabolic changes prior to symptom development upon infection with Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas), the bacterium associated with citrus greening disease, between citrus hosts with different tolerances is lacking. The objective of this study was to compare the early response of Lisbon lemon (Citrus limon) and Washington navel orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck), two citrus species commercially important to California, to CLas through graft inoculation. Here, we compare the transcriptome, proteome, and metabolome response, using RNA sequencing, liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance, respectively, from our two recently published studies examining the response of the lemon and navel oranges separately, and introduce new micronutrient data from inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analysis, focusing on lemons at 10 and 14 weeks postgrafting (wpg), and navels at 8 and 18 wpg, prior to symptom development. Several micronutrients accumulated in presymptomatic infected lemons compared with controls, whereas little change was observed in the navels. Photosynthesis proteins were substantially altered by CLas infection in navels, with fewer changes observed in lemons. The metabolome differed between control and infected navels throughout infection, although differences between control and infected lemons were identified only after symptom expression. Taken together, these findings highlight differences in response to CLas between two varieties with differing tolerances. [Formula: see text] Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license .
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