Candidatus Nanopusillus

St. John et al. (2023). Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria
Names (1)
Abstract'lus. Gr. masc. n. nânos, a dwarf; L. masc. adj. pusillus, very small; N.L. masc. n. Nanopusillus, a very small member of the Nanoarchaeota . Nanoarchaeota / Nanobdellia / Nanobdellales / Nanobdellaceae / Candidatus Nanopusillus The genus Candidatus Nanopusillus is comprised of small coccoid cells (∼100–400 nm) that live epibiotically on the surface of archaeal hosts. The first described species, Candidatus Nanopusillus acidilobi, is an anaerobic, hyperthermophilic acidophile whose best growth is observed at 82°C, pH 3.6, cultivated from a hot spring in Yellowstone National Park. Ca . Nanopusillus acidilobi cells associate with the Crenarchaeota host organism Acidilobus sp. 7A. Archaeal flagella (archaella) have been predicted from the genome sequence and shown to be expressed in the proteome. A second putative species, Candidatus Nanopusillus massiliensis, was recently reported from human dental plaque and associates with the methanogen Methanobrevibacter oralis . The genome consists of a single scaffold which is highly fragmented by spans of ambiguous nucleotides, with 16S rRNA gene fragments from Bacteria . Both species have small genomes (∼0.6 Mb) encoding few biosynthetic genes and no apparent ATP synthase complex genes, suggesting that the nanoarchaeotes rely on their host for the production of major cellular precursors. DNA G + C content (mol%) : 24 (genome analysis). Type species : Candidatus Nanopusillus acidilobi Wurch et al. 2016.
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