Effector enrichment by <scp>Candidatus</scp> Liberibacter promotes <scp>Diaphorina citri</scp> feeding <scp>via</scp> Jasmonic acid pathway suppression

Liu et al. (2024). Pest Management Science
Names (2)
Liberibacter Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus
Agronomy and Crop Science General Medicine Insect Science
AbstractBACKGROUNDCitrus huanglongbing (HLB) is a devastating disease caused by Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas) that affects the citrus industry. In nature, CLas relies primarily on Diaphorina citri Kuwayama as its vector for dissemination. After D. citri ingests CLas‐infected citrus, the pathogen infiltrates the insect's body, where it thrives, reproduces, and exerts regulatory control over the growth and metabolism of D. citri. Previous studies have shown that CLas alters the composition of proteins in the saliva of D. citri, but the functions of these proteins remain largely unknown.RESULTSIn this study, we detected two proteins (DcitSGP1 and DcitSGP3) with high expression levels in CLas‐infected D. citri. Quantitative PCR and Western blotting analysis showed that the two proteins were highly expressed in the salivary glands and delivered into the host plant during feeding. Silencing the two genes significantly decreased the survival rate for D. citri, reduced phloem nutrition sucking and promoted jasmonic acid (JA) defenses in citrus. By contrast, after overexpressing the two genes in citrus, the expression levels of JA pathway‐associated genes decreased.CONCLUSIONOur results suggest that CLas can indirectly suppress the defenses of citrus and support feeding by D. citri via increasing the levels of effectors in the insect's saliva. This discovery facilitates further research into the interaction between insect vectors and pathogens. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.
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