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‘Candidatus Phytoplasma spartii’, ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma rhamni’ and ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma allocasuarinae’, respectively associated with spartium witches'-broom, buckthorn witches'-broom and allocasuarina yellows diseases

Citation
Marcone et al. (2004). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54 (4)
Names
Ca. Phytoplasma allocasuarinae Ca. Phytoplasma rhamni Ca. Phytoplasma spartii
Abstract
Spartium witches'-broom (SpaWB), buckthorn witches'-broom (BWB) and allocasuarina yellows (AlloY) are witches'-broom and yellows diseases of Spartium junceum (Spanish broom), Rhamnus catharticus (buckthorn) and Allocasuarina muelleriana (Slaty she-oak), respectively. These diseases are associated with distinct phytoplasmas. The SpaWB, BWB and AlloY phytoplasmas share <97·5 % 16S rDNA sequence similarity with each other and with other known phytoplasmas, including the closely related phytoplas

‘Candidatus Phytoplasma mali’, ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma pyri’ and ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum’, the causal agents of apple proliferation, pear decline and European stone fruit yellows, respectively

Citation
Seemuller et al. (2004). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54 (4)
Names
Ca. Phytoplasma mali Ca. Phytoplasma prunorum Ca. Phytoplasma pyri
Abstract
Apple proliferation (AP), pear decline (PD) and European stone fruit yellows (ESFY) are among the most economically important plant diseases that are caused by phytoplasmas. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that the 16S rDNA sequences of strains of each of these pathogens were identical or nearly identical. Differences between the three phytoplasmas ranged from 1·0 to 1·5 % of nucleotide positions and were thus below the recommended threshold of 2·5 % for assigning species rank to phytoplasmas und

Chitinibacter tainanensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a chitin-degrading aerobe from soil in Taiwan

Citation
Chern et al. (2004). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54 (4)
Names
Chitinibacteraceae
Abstract
Five strains with strong chitinolytic activity were isolated from a soil sample collected from southern Taiwan. The strains shared more than 92 % DNA–DNA similarity, indicating membership of the same genospecies. This close relationship was supported by high similarities in fatty acid composition and biochemical characteristics. A 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the isolates were members of the class ‘Betaproteobacteria’, in which they formed an individual subline of descent that

Candidatus B.A. und der„CANON” - Prozess

Citation
Jaenicke (2004). Chemie in unserer Zeit 36 (3)
Names
Abstract

Lentisphaera araneosa gen. nov., sp. nov, a transparent exopolymer producing marine bacterium, and the description of a novel bacterial phylum, Lentisphaerae

Citation
Cho et al. (2004). Environmental Microbiology 6 (6)
Names
Lentisphaerota
Abstract
SummaryTwo phylogenetically distinct marine strains producing transparent exopolymers (TEP), designated HTCC2155T and HTCC2160, were cultivated from Oregon coast seawater by dilution to extinction in a high throughput culturing format. When cultured in low‐nutrient seawater media, these strains copiously produced Alcian Blue‐stainable viscous TEP. Growing cells were attached to each other by the TEP in a three dimensional network. Polymerase chain reaction employing 16S rDNA primers specific for

Characterization of a ‘Bacteroidetes’ symbiont in Encarsia wasps (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae): proposal of ‘Candidatus Cardinium hertigii’

Citation
Zchori-Fein et al. (2004). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54 (3)
Names
Ca. Cardinium hertigii “Cardinium hertigii”
Abstract
Previously, analysis of 16S rDNA sequences placed a newly discovered lineage of bacterial symbionts of arthropods in the ‘Bacteroidetes’. This symbiont lineage is associated with a number of diverse host reproductive manipulations, including induction of parthenogenesis in severalEncarsiaparasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). In this study, electron microscopy and phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA andgyrBgenes of symbionts fromEncarsia hispidaandEncarsia pergandiellaare used to describ