Development of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Procedure as a Sensitive and Rapid Method for Detection of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ in Potatoes and Psyllids

Ravindran et al. (2012). Phytopathology® 102 (9)
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Agronomy and Crop Science Plant Science
This study reports the development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification procedure (LAMP) for polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based detection of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’, the bacterial causal agent of potato zebra chip (ZC) disease. The 16S rDNA gene of ‘Ca. Liberibacter solanacearum’ was used to design a set of six primers for LAMP PCR detection of the bacterial pathogen in potato plants and the psyllid vector. The advantage of the LAMP method is that it does not require a thermocycler for amplification or agarose gel electrophoresis for resolution. Positive LAMP results can be visualized directly as a precipitate. The LAMP strategy reported here reliably detected ‘Ca. Liberibacter solanacearum’ and the closely related species ‘Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus’, the causative agent of huanglongbing disease of citrus, in plant DNA extracts. Although not as sensitive as quantitative real-time PCR, LAMP detection was equivalent to conventional PCR in tests of ZC-infected potato plants from the field. Thus, the LAMP method shows strong promise as a reliable, rapid, and cost-effective method of detecting ‘Ca. Liberibacter’ pathogens in psyllids and field-grown potato plants and tubers.
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