Guedes Frazzon, Ana Paula


Global diversity of enterococci and description of 18 previously unknown species

Schwartzman et al. (2024). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 121 (10)
Enterococcus mansonii Enterococcus ikei Enterococcus myersii Enterococcus leclercqii Enterococcus ferrettii Enterococcus wittei Enterococcus courvalinii Enterococcus palustris Enterococcus dunnyi Enterococcus huntleyi Enterococcus mangumiae Enterococcus moelleringii Enterococcus murrayae Enterococcus testudinis Enterococcus lowellii Enterococcus willemsii Enterococcus lemimoniae Enterococcus clewellii Vagococcus giribetii
Enterococci are gut microbes of most land animals. Likely appearing first in the guts of arthropods as they moved onto land, they diversified over hundreds of millions of years adapting to evolving hosts and host diets. Over 60 enterococcal species are now known. Two species, Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium, are common constituents of the human microbiome. They are also now leading causes of multidrug-resistant hospital-